A new report, Launching green hydrogen powered aviation in Aotearoa New Zealand, demonstrates how a consortium comprising six global businesses could work together to remove up to 900,000 tonnes of carbon emissions every year by 2050 through the use of hydrogen-fuelled aircraft flying New Zealand domestic routes.
The report has just been released by the New Zealand Hydrogen Aviation Consortium—a partnership of six international businesses Airbus, Air New Zealand, Christchurch Airport, Fortescue, Hiringa Energy and Fabrum.
Launched in February 2023, the consortium has spent the past six months examining the hydrogen supply chain, evaluating the local aviation market’s projected hydrogen requirements, and scoping what it would take to establish a successful hydrogen ecosystem for aviation in New Zealand.
The consortium has also developed recommendations for the regulations and incentives needed to support the transition to a green hydrogen aviation system.
Airbus is working to develop the world’s first hydrogen aircraft for commercial use. Its ZEROe Ecosystem vice president Karine Guenan says New Zealand is uniquely positioned to lead the testing and deployment of low carbon aircraft.
“The country’s large potential renewable electricity and water resources are key advantages while the size of aircraft used here and the length of routes flown match the capabilities of hydrogen-powered aircraft. This report lays out the ecosystem required to make that happen. It is a first step and Airbus is committed to leveraging our expertise to work with government, iwi, industries and other stakeholders to bring it to life,” Guenan says.
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Christchurch-based company Fabrum is already working on hydrogen aviation projects overseas. Its chairman and co-founder Christopher Boyle says green hydrogen is an important part of the future of clean flight.
“Our team co-developed the world’s first electric aircraft engine for Magnix and built superconducting electric motors and rotors for SAFFRAN and Airbus. We’re currently manufacturing green hydrogen systems for airports and on-board liquid hydrogen tanks for low emission flights. The opportunity to use our experience to ensure green hydrogen aviation takes off in New Zealand is exciting,” Boyle says.
The report says that to enable green hydrogen aviation to take-off, New Zealand will need to:
- Scale affordable new generation renewable energy in New Zealand to support the production of green hydrogen
- Develop the transmission and distribution capacity to move that renewable electricity to where it is needed
- Develop policies and regulations to create and support a green hydrogen ecosystem.
Develop a range of new systems and processes to ensure the safe production, distribution and use of green hydrogen
- Become more cost-effective to produce and supply green hydrogen to ensure its commercial viability.
The consortium’s modelling shows New Zealand could use up to 100,000 tonnes of green hydrogen per year for hydrogen-fuelled aircraft by 2050 with most of it required to fuel planes at Auckland, Wellington and Christchurch airports.