Australia to lead lithium-ion battery recycling charge

A new battery recycling industry to tackle Australia’s annual 3300 tonnes of lithium-ion battery waste could be on the cards, according to a new report.

The report, Lithium battery recycling in Australia, says Australia could lead the world in the re-use and recycling of lithium-ion batteries.

Only 2 per cent of Australia’s annual lithium-ion battery waste is recycled, and the waste is growing by 20 per cent a year and could exceed 100,000 tonnes by 2036.

The report addresses growing demand for lithium-ion technology, currently used in vast quantities in electronic and household devices.

“As a world leader in the adoption of solar and battery systems, we must responsibly manage our use of lithium-ion technology in support of our clean energy future; CSIRO has set out a pathway to do this,” CSIRO battery research leader Dr Anand Bhatt said.

“The value for Australia is three-fold. We can draw additional value from existing materials, minimise impact on our environment, and also catalyse a new industry in lithium-ion re-use/recycling.”

Low battery recycling rates can be overcome through better understanding of the importance of recycling, improved collection processes, and by implementing ways to efficiently recycle materials.

Dr Bhatt and his team are working with industry to develop processes that can support the transition to domestic recycling of lithium-ion batteries.

“The development of processes to effectively and efficiently recycle these batteries can generate a new industry in Australia,” he said.

“Further, effective recycling of lithium batteries can offset the current concerns around lithium security.”

Australian Battery Recycling Initiative CEO Libby Chaplin said the report came at a critical time.

“Currently we are racing towards a world where lithium batteries are a very big part of our energy supply, yet we have some real work to do to ensure we are able to recycle the end product once it has reached its use by date,” Ms Chaplin said.

“The CSIRO report provides critical information at an opportune time given the discussions around how to shape a product stewardship scheme for the energy storage sector.”

CSIRO research is supporting recycling efforts, with research underway on processes for recovery of metals and materials, development of new battery materials, and support for the circular economy around battery reuse and recycling.